Zygophlebia villosissima (Hook.) L.E. Bishop

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Synonyms: Ctenopteris villosissima (Hook.) W.J. Harley
Grammitis villosissima (Hook.) Ching
Polipodium villosissimum Hook.
Xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston
xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston var. laticelluta Benl
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome c. 1.5 mm in diameter, erect to shortly crreping, rhizome scales brown,linear and tapering to a fine point. Fronds tufted, deeply pinnatifid. Stipe brown, up to 3.5 cm long, covered with long, stiff, reddish-brown hairs up to 3 mm long. Lamina oblong to oblong-lanceolate in outline, abruptly decrescent below, pinnatifid almost to the midrib. Pinnae up to 7 mm long, oblong in outline, margin entire, covered on both surfaces with long, stiff, reddish-brown hairs up to 3 mm long, veins and midrib obscure. Sori submarginal, up to 8 per lobe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Epiphyte on mossy upper branches of Widdringtonia on Mt. Mulanje.
Altitude range: 1890 m (approx)
Worldwide distribution: Bioko, Cameroon, Coté d' Ivoire, DRC, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Rwanda, Sao Tomé, Tanzania.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 89. As Grammitis villosissimum (Hook.) J.E.Burrows

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 109.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 166.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 142. As Xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston

Other sources of information about Zygophlebia villosissima:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zygophlebia villosissima
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zygophlebia villosissima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zygophlebia villosissima
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zygophlebia villosissima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zygophlebia villosissima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zygophlebia villosissima
JSTOR Plant Science: Zygophlebia villosissima
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zygophlebia villosissima
Plants of the World Online: Zygophlebia villosissima
Tropicos: Zygophlebia villosissima
Wikipedia: Zygophlebia villosissima

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Zygophlebia villosissima.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=223310, retrieved 13 April 2024

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