Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka[Agg]

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Synonyms: Melinis congesta Mez
Melinis nitens Mez
Melinis rosea (Nees) Hackel
Melinis stolzii Mez
Monachyron roseum (Nees) Parl.
Monachyron tonsum (Nees) Parl.
Panicum roseum (Nees) Steudel
Panicum tonsum (Nees) Steudel
Rhynchelytrum dregeanum Nees
Rhynchelytrum gossweileri Stapf & Hubbard
Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) Hubbard
Rhynchelytrum repens var. roseum (Nees) Chiov.
Rhynchelytrum roseum (Nees) Stapf & Hubbard
Rhynchelytrum stolzii (Mez) Stapf & Hubbard
Rhynchelytrum tonsum (Nees) Lanza & Mattei
Saccharum repens Willd.
Tricholaena dregeana (Nees) Dur. & Schinz
Tricholaena graciliflora var. collina Rendle
Tricholaena repens (Willd.) A.S. Hitchc.
Tricholaena rosea Nees
Tricholaena tonsa Nees
Common names:
Tufted annual to short-lived perennial. Culms 20–150 cm. high, geniculately ascending and often rooting at lower nodes. Leaf laminae 4–20(27) cm. long, 2–12(14) mm. wide, flat. Panicle (6)8–20 cm. long, broadly ovate; pedicels with a few long hairs. Spikelets 2–12 mm. long, ovate. Inferior glume (0.3)0.6–3(4.3) mm. long, narrowly ovate, 0–1-nerved, separated from the superior by an internode (0.1)0.2–1.7(2) mm. long; superior glume 5-nerved, membranous to subcoriaceous, usually gibbous on the back, hairy or glabrous, often tapering to a glabrous beak, emarginate, awned or mucronate. Inferior floret male, its lemma 5-nerved, resembling the superior glume but less gibbous, the palea ciliate on its keels.Very variable and formerly divided into 2–4 species according to hairiness of the spikelet, growth-form and length of the internode between the glumes. Hairiness and colour of the spikelet, as well as growth-form, prove to be of no taxonomic value. Four weakly separated infraspecific groups (3 in the Flora Zambesiaca region) are recognized. Typical specimens can be identified easily, but frequent intergradation occurs between the infraspecific groups.The length of the internode between the glumes varies quite continuously but, together with spikelet length, is the best character for separating the three groups. Single specimens approach M. ambigua subsp. longicauda and M.nerviglumis (introgression?). If the basal parts are missing, discrimination between M.repens and M. subglabra is hardly possible.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 26. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 55 - 56. As Rhynchelytrum repens and R. stolzii

Other sources of information about Melinis repens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Melinis repens
Flora of Caprivi: Melinis repens
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Melinis repens
Flora of Mozambique: Melinis repens
Flora of Zambia: Melinis repens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Melinis repens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis repens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis repens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis repens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis repens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Melinis repens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis repens
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis repens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis repens
Plants of the World Online: Melinis repens
Tropicos: Melinis repens
Wikipedia: Melinis repens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Melinis repens., retrieved 13 April 2024

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