Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Solanales

Solanaceae - Potato family

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005) Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4)

Description of the family

Herbs, shrubs or rarely trees. Stipules 0 (but pseudostipules are present in Solanum mauritianum). Leaves alternate, or occasionally fasciculate. Flowers bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic, solitary or in cymes, clusters or racemes. Calyx (3-)5(-6)-lobed, often persistent and accrescent. Corolla gamopetalous with 5 (or more) lobes. Stamens inserted on corolla-tube. Disk usually present. Ovary superior, usually 2-locular; ovules numerous. Fruit a capsule or berry.

Worldwide: 94 genera and 2,950 species, ± cosmopolitan, but especially South America.

Malawi: 4 cultivated genera and 12 cultivated taxa.

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Links to cultivated genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Cestrum L.Description
Iochroma Benth.Description
Lycianthes (Dunal) Hassl.Image
Solanum L.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Solanaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Solanaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Solanaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Solanaceae
Flora of Malawi: Solanaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Solanaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Solanaceae
Flora of Zambia: Solanaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Solanaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Solanaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanaceae
Wikipedia: Solanaceae
Plants of the World Online: Solanaceae
Tropicos: Solanaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Cultivated plants: Family page: Solanaceae.
https://www.malawiflora.com/cult/family.php?family_id=211, retrieved 18 May 2024

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