7914.000 Thunbergia Retz.

Description of the genus

Herbs, erect, creeping or climbing. Leaves opposite, sometimes cordate or hastate at base. Flowers axillary. Bracts 2, large, elliptic or ovate, enveloping the small calyx. Calyx usually of 10-18 linear teeth, rarely a small saucer-shaped body. Stamens 4, didynamous, 2-thecous; anthers opening by longitudinal slits. Retinacula 0. Ovary 2-locular, with 2 ovules in each loculus. Fruit a spherical beaked capsule. Distinguished by the large bracts, the calyx with its numerous lobes, the method of anther dehiscence and the beaked fruit.See Pseudocalyx for the differences with that genus.

Derivation of name: Named after Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828)

Worldwide: 90 species in the Old World tropics

Malawi: 12 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Filodes costivitralis (Window pearl)
Thunbergia alata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
alata Bojer ex SimsN,C,SDescription, Image
crispa BurkillN,C,SDescription, Image
graminifolia De Wild. N
kirkiana T. AndersonN,C,S
lancifolia T. AndersonN,C,SDescription, Image
lathyroides Burkill N
natalensis Hook.SDescription, Image
petersiana LindauN,C,SDescription, Image
racemosa Vollesen N
schimbensis S. MooreNDescription, Image
subalata LindauC,S
usambarica LindauN,C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Thunbergia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Thunbergia
Flora of Caprivi: Thunbergia
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Thunbergia
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Thunbergia
Flora of Mozambique: Thunbergia
Flora of Zambia: Thunbergia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Thunbergia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Thunbergia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Thunbergia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Thunbergia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thunbergia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Thunbergia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Thunbergia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thunbergia
JSTOR Plant Science: Thunbergia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Thunbergia
Plants of the World Online: Thunbergia
Tropicos: Thunbergia
Wikipedia: Thunbergia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Thunbergia.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1323, retrieved 21 April 2024

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