Spermatophyta: Dicotyledonae: Metachlamydeae: Lamiales

Acanthaceae - Barleria family

Balkwill, K. & Welman, W.G. (2000) Acanthaceae. In Leistner, O.A. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Strelitzia 10 34-45

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015) Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6)

Leistner, O.A. (2005) Seed plants of southern tropical Africa: families and genera SABONET Report No. 26 SABONET, Pretoria

Vollesen, K. (2009) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa

Vollesen, K. (2013) Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5)

Description of the family

Small trees, herbs, shrubs or sometimes climbers. Stipules 0. Leaves opposite, usually entire, less often toothed. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic or zygomorphic. Bracts and bracteoles usually present. Calyx 4-5-partite, rarely 2-lipped or with 10-18 teeth (Thunbergia). Corolla gamopetalous, 1-2-lipped or 5-lobed. Stamens 2 or 4, inserted on corolla. Anthers 1- or 2-thecous, with thecae together or one above the other. Ovary superior, 2-locular with (1-)2(-3 or more) ovules in each loculus. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, often explosively dehiscent.

Worldwide: 229 genera and 3450 species, mostly tropical.

Malawi: 35 genera and 168 taxa.

Hypoestes aristata

Links to genera:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this family

Acanthopale C.B. ClarkeDescription, Image
Acanthus L.Description, Image
Anisotes NeesDescription, Image
Asystasia BlumeDescription, Image
Barleria L.Description, Image
Blepharis Juss.Description, Image
Brachystephanus NeesDescription, Image
Brillantaisia P. Beauv.Description, Image
Crabbea Harv.Description, Image
Crossandra Salisb.Description
Dicliptera Juss.Description, Image
Duosperma DaytonDescription, Image
Dyschoriste NeesDescription
Ecbolium KurzDescription, Image
Elytraria Michx.Description
Hygrophila R.Br.Description, Image
Hypoestes Sol. ex R.Br.Description, Image
Isoglossa Oerst.Description
Justicia L.Description, Image
Lepidagathis Willd.Description, Image
Megalochlamys LindauDescription
Meiosperma Raf.
Mellera S. MooreDescription, Image
Mimulopsis Schweinf.Description, Image
Nelsonia R. Br.Description, Image
Neuracanthus NeesDescription, Image
Phaulopsis Willd.Description, Image
Pogonospermum Hochst.
Pseuderanthemum Radlk.Description
Rhinacanthus NeesDescription
Ruellia L.Description
Ruspolia LindauDescription, Image
Sclerochiton Harv.Description
Strobilanthopsis S. MooreDescription, Image
Thunbergia Retz.Description, Image

Other sources of information about Acanthaceae:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acanthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: Acanthaceae
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: Acanthaceae
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acanthaceae
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acanthaceae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acanthaceae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acanthaceae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acanthaceae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acanthaceae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acanthaceae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acanthaceae
JSTOR Plant Science: Acanthaceae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acanthaceae
Wikipedia: Acanthaceae
Plants of the World Online: Acanthaceae
Tropicos: Acanthaceae

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Family page: Acanthaceae.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/family.php?family_id=1, retrieved 18 April 2024

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