7985.000 Crossandra Salisb.

Leistner, O.A. (ed.) (2000) Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera Strelitzia 10

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs or small shrubs. Inflorescence a terminal spike, often borne on a long peduncle. Bracts prominent, ovate; bracteoles as a long as calyx. Calyx ± zygomorphic with a short tube and 5 longer lobes, the upper lobe broadest and often 2-toothed. Corolla 1-lipped, yellow, orange or red, the lip 5-lobed; adaxial suture slit. Stamens 4, all 1-thecous, included within the corolla tube; filaments epipetalous for most of their length. Disk annular. Ovary ellipsoid. Seeds borne on retinacula.

Worldwide: c. 50 species in tropical Africa, Asia, Arabia and Madagascar

Malawi: 3 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
nilotica Oliv.N
puberula KlotzschSDescription, Image
pyrophila VollesenSDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Crossandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crossandra
Flora of Mozambique: Crossandra
Flora of Zambia: Crossandra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crossandra
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crossandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crossandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crossandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crossandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crossandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crossandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crossandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Crossandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crossandra
Plants of the World Online: Crossandra
Tropicos: Crossandra
Wikipedia: Crossandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Crossandra.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1344, retrieved 27 September 2023

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