Crossandra pyrophila Vollesen

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Crossandra pyrophila

Photo: Mark Hyde

Crossandra pyrophila

Photo: Mark Hyde

Crossandra pyrophila

Photo: Mark Hyde

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Synonyms: Crossandra greenstockii sensu S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Pyrophytic perennial with unbranched stems up to 25 cm high, growing from a creeping woody rootstock. Leaves opposite, sessile, elliptic to obovate, 6-13 cm long, usually finely velvety on the veins only. Inflorescence a spike 2-5 cm long on a pubescent peduncle, 1-9 cm long. Bracts elliptic or obovate to almost circular, 13-22 mm long; margin with 6-10 spreading teeth on each side, 1-6 mm long, larger ones often with a lateral tooth. Corolla primrose-yellow to deep orange; tube straight, 13-19 mm long; limb 14-18 mm long. Capsule c. 12 mm long, hairy at the tip.
Derivation of specific name: pyrophila: growing after fire.
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, prone to fires.
Altitude range: 500 - 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Known from Malawi and Mozambique; doubtfully from eastern Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Vollesen, K. (1990). Notes on Crossandra (Acanthaceae) Kew Bulletin 15(1) Pages 132 - 135. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Crossandra pyrophila:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Crossandra pyrophila
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crossandra pyrophila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crossandra pyrophila
African Plant Database: Crossandra pyrophila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crossandra pyrophila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crossandra pyrophila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crossandra pyrophila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crossandra pyrophila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crossandra pyrophila
JSTOR Plant Science: Crossandra pyrophila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crossandra pyrophila
Plants of the World Online: Crossandra pyrophila
Tropicos: Crossandra pyrophila
Wikipedia: Crossandra pyrophila

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Crossandra pyrophila., retrieved 11 December 2023

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