8094.000 Justicia L.

ADHATODA Mill.

BELOPERONE Nees

JACOBINIA Nees ex Moricand

MONECHMA Hochst.

Hedrén, M. (1989) Justicia sect. Harnieria (Acanthaceae) in Tropical Africa Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(1) 1-141

Hedrén, M. (1990) The Justicia elegantula complex (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 103(3) 263-280

Kelbessa, E. (1990) Justicia Sect. Ansellia (Acanthaceae) Acta. Univ. Ups. Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(2) 1-96

Description of the genus

Shrubs or annual or perennial herbs. Leaves simple, opposite, entire. Inflorescences cymose. Bract (0-)1. Bracteoles 2. Calyx 4-5-lobed, to near the base. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip very shortly 2-lobed; lower deeply 3-lobed with raised palate. Stamens 2; thecae 2, lower with a well-defined whitish tail. Ovary 2-locular with 2 ovules per loculus. Capsule cylindric or clavate, (1-)4-seeded. Seeds usually rough.

Derivation of name: Named after James Justice (1698-1763), a Scottish nurseryman

Worldwide: c. 600 species in tropical and warm countries and temperate N America

Malawi: 29 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Calaenorrhinus galenus (Orange Flat, Orange Sprite)
Sarangesa motozi (Forest elfin)
Zizula hylax (Gaika blue)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
anagalloides (Nees) T. AndersonN,C,SDescription, Image
asystasioides (Lindau) M.E. SteinerNDescription, Image
betonica L.N,C,SDescription, Image
bracteata (Hochst.) Zarb.N,C,SDescription, Image
ciliata Jacq.N
elegantula S. MooreCDescription, Image
eminii LindauN
flava (Vahl) VahlN,C,SDescription, Image
francoiseana BrummittS
heterocarpa T. Anderson subsp. dinteri (S. Moore) HedrénSDescription, Image
kirkiana T. AndersonN,C,SDescription, Image
linearispica C.B. ClarkeN,CDescription, Image
lithospermoides LindauN,C
matammensis (Schweinf.) Oliv. N,C,SDescription, Image
mollugo C.B. ClarkeN,C,SDescription, Image
monechmoides S. MooreC,S
nuttii C.B. ClarkeN,C,SDescription, Image
nyassana LindauN,C,SDescription, Image
petiolaris (Nees) T. Anderson
phyllostachys C.B. ClarkeNDescription, Image
protracta (Nees) T. AndersonSDescription, Image
rodgersii VollesenN
scandens VahlN,C,SDescription, Image
striata (Klotzsch) BullockN,C,SDescription, Image
striolata Mildbr.N,C,S
syncollotheca Milne-Redh.N
tenella (Nees) T. AndersonN,SDescription, Image
varians (C.B. Clarke) VollesenN
whytei S. MooreC,S

Other sources of information about Justicia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia
Flora of Caprivi: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: Justicia
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zambia: Justicia
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Justicia

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Justicia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Justicia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Justicia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Justicia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Justicia.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1357, retrieved 23 March 2019

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