8486.000 Galium L. - Bedstraws

Puff, C. in Verdcourt, B. (1988) Galium Flora Zambesiaca 5(1)

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs, erect, creeping or climbing. Stems often 4-angled, sometimes prickly. Stipules similar to the leaves. Leaves (and leaf-like stipules) in whorls of 4-10, ± sessile. Flowers in axillary or terminal cymes, bisexual, rarely unisexual, usually 4-merous, not enclosed in an involucre. Calyx reduced to a rim; teeth 0. Corolla rotate to ± campanulate, greenish, creamy-white to bright yellow. Ovary 2-locular with 1 ovule per loculus. Fruit dry, glabrous or variously hairy, consisting of two 1-seeded mericarps.

Derivation of name: Milk (the leaves of Galium verum were used to curdle milk in cheesemaking)

Worldwide: 300 species, cosmopolitan

Malawi: 9 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Hippotion celerio (Silver-striped hawk, Vine hawk)
Macroglossum trochilus (African hummingbird)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
bussei K. Schum. & K. Krause var. bussei N,C,SDescription, Image
bussei K. Schum. & K. Krause var. glabrum BrenanN,C,SDescription
bussei K. Schum. & K. Krause var. glabrostrictius BrenanN,C,S
bussei K.Schum. & K.Krause var. strictius Brenan N,C,S
chloroionanthum K. Schum.N,SDescription, Image
scabrellum K. Schum.NDescription, Image
spurium L. subsp. africanum Verdc.N,C,S
stenophyllum Baker N,C
thunbergianum Eckl. & Zeyh. var. hirsutum (Sond.) Verdc.NDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Galium:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Galium
Flora of Zambia: Galium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Galium
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Galium

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Galium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Galium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Galium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Galium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Galium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Galium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1425, retrieved 18 November 2019

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