4503.000 Monadenium Pax

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001) Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5)

Description of the genus

Small trees, shrubs or perennial herbs with milky latex. Stems and branches succulent. Stipules 0 or modified as glands or spines. Leaves alternate, fleshy. Inflorescences axillary with sessile cyathia in dichotomously branching cymes, rarely solitary; bracts paired, persistent. Cyathium with glands forming an entire rim, notched on the lower side, surrounding 5-fringed lobes. Male flowers in 5 groups, bracteolate. Female flower stalked; ovary 3-locular; styles 3 with 2-fid stigmas. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, exserted through the notch in the glandular rim, dehiscent. Seeds with a cap-like pale yellow caruncle, rarely ecarunculate.

Worldwide: Over 70 spp, occurring in eastern tropical Africa from Somalia in the north to the northern province of South Africa and west into Angola

Malawi: 6 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
laeve StapfN
mafingense Hargr.NDescription, Image
orobanchoides P.R.O. BallyN,C
parviflorum N.E. Br.N
pedunculatum S. CarterNDescription, Image
spinulosum S. CarterS

Other sources of information about Monadenium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Monadenium
Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium
Flora of Zambia: Monadenium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Monadenium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium
Tropicos: Monadenium
Wikipedia: Monadenium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Monadenium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=877, retrieved 10 December 2023

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