Monadenium pedunculatum S. Carter

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Monadenium pedunculatum

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lumangwe Falls area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

Monadenium pedunculatum

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lumangwe Falls area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

Monadenium pedunculatum

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lumangwe Falls area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

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Synonyms: Euphorbia neopedunculata (S.Carter) Bruyns
Common names:
Status: Native
Geophyte; rootstock tuberous, up to 6 cm in diameter, napiform, producing 1–2 woody stems to c. 6 cm long below ground; annual (aerial) stems 1–4, usually simple, 2–15(20) cm high, sometimes minutely papillose; leaves sessile, variable, from up to 9 × 0.5 cm and linear, or up to 6 × 1.5 cm and lanceolate, or up to 4 × 2 cm and obovate; stipules glandular, minute, evident on young growth only; cymes on peduncles up to 5(8) cm long, simple with cyme branches to 1 cm long, or cyathia solitary; bracts free, shorter than the involucre, c. 3 × 2 mm, oblong, margin denticulate; cyathia c. 5 × 3 mm, with barrel-shaped involucres; glandular rim 1.5–2 mm high, entire to crenulate, white or pink; lobes c. 1 × 1 mm, rounded; male flowers: bracteoles few, filamentous; stamens 3.2 mm long; female flower: styles 1 mm long, with thickened rugulose bifid apices; capsule c. 5 × 5.5 mm, obtusely 3-lobed, exserted on a reflexed pedicel 6–12 mm long, smooth; seeds c. 2.8 × 2.3 mm, conical with truncate base, minutely and densely verrucose, brown becoming purplish, caruncle absent.
Derivation of specific name: pedunculatum: presumably referring to the cyme peduncles that can be up to 8 cm long.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Southeastern DRC, Burundi and southwestern Tanzania south through northeastern Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Perennial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 440.

Other sources of information about Monadenium pedunculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Monadenium pedunculatum
Flora of Zambia: Monadenium pedunculatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monadenium pedunculatum
African Plant Database: Monadenium pedunculatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monadenium pedunculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monadenium pedunculatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monadenium pedunculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Monadenium pedunculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monadenium pedunculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Monadenium pedunculatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monadenium pedunculatum
Plants of the World Online: Monadenium pedunculatum
Tropicos: Monadenium pedunculatum
Wikipedia: Monadenium pedunculatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Monadenium pedunculatum., retrieved 21 February 2024

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