4614.000 Ilex L. - Hollies

Mendes, E.J. (1966) Aquifoliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2)

Description of the genus

Evergreen trees or shrubs. Stipules very small. Inflorescences axillary. Petals shortly connate at the base, imbricate. Stamens as many as the petals. Style absent. Ovules 1 in each loculus. Fruit of 4–5(9) single-seeded pyrenes.

Derivation of name: from the Latin name for the Holm oak, Quercus ilex, which has holly-like leaves,

Worldwide: c. 400 species, cosmopolitan, but mainly tropical and temperate Asia and America.

Malawi: 1 taxon.

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
mitis (L.) Radlk. var. mitis N,C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Ilex:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ilex
Flora of Mozambique: Ilex
Flora of Zambia: Ilex
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ilex
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Ilex

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ilex
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ilex
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ilex
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ilex
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ilex
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ilex
JSTOR Plant Science: Ilex
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ilex
Plants of the World Online: Ilex
Tropicos: Ilex
Wikipedia: Ilex

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Ilex.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=884, retrieved 18 July 2024

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