Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk.
var. mitis

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (16)

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Ilex mitis var. mitis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba Botanic Garden

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ilex capensis Sond.
Common names: African holly (English) Cape holly (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Medium sized evergreen tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic to lanceolate, dark green; margin entire or with scattered teeth in the apical half. Young branchlets and leaves distinctly purple tinged. Flowers in small dense axillary clusters, white, unisexual, sexes on different trees. Fruit a shiny round berry, red when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: mitis: mild, gentle
Habitat: In riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in montane and riverine areas across Africa and Madagascar.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 6 December 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 75. as Ilex mitis (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 492. As Ilex mitis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 587. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 28.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 18. As Ilex mitis

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 254. As Ilex mitis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Mendes, E.J. (1966). Aquifoliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 353 - 355. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 332 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 45.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 160 - 161. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 88.

Other sources of information about Ilex mitis var. mitis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Ilex mitis var. mitis
Flora of Zambia: Ilex mitis var. mitis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ilex mitis var. mitis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ilex mitis
African Plant Database: Ilex mitis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ilex mitis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ilex mitis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ilex mitis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ilex mitis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ilex mitis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ilex mitis
iNaturalist: Ilex mitis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ilex mitis
JSTOR Plant Science: Ilex mitis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ilex mitis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ilex mitis
Plants of the World Online: Ilex mitis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ilex mitis
Tropicos: Ilex mitis
Wikipedia: Ilex mitis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Ilex mitis var. mitis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136880, retrieved 10 December 2019

Site software last modified: 3 April 2018 9:36pm
Terms of use