Pinus patula Schltdl. & Cham.

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Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
World's View, Nyanga

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

Pinus patula

Photo: Mark Hyde
Ruzawi School, nr Marondera

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Hang-leaf pine (English) Patula pine (English)
Status: Introduced
Tree, to 40 m. Leaves 15-22 cm, light green, in bundles of 3(-5), pendulous; basal sheath persistent. Female cones 7-10 cm, ovoid-conic, slightly curved, lateral, subsessile, in clusters of 2-5. Seeds 5 mm, triangular; wing 12-20 mm.
Derivation of specific name: patula: spreading
Habitat: Woodland, scrub and grassland
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of Mexico; well naturalised in southern Africa
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Holocerina smilax (Larval food plant)
Ariathisa abyssinia (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 46. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 40. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 90.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 231.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 12.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 84.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Pinus patula:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pinus patula
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pinus patula
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Pinus patula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pinus patula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pinus patula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pinus patula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pinus patula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pinus patula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pinus patula
JSTOR Plant Science: Pinus patula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pinus patula
Plants of the World Online: Pinus patula
Tropicos: Pinus patula
Wikipedia: Pinus patula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Pinus patula., retrieved 25 April 2024

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