Tripogon minimus (A. Rich.) Steud.

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Synonyms: Festuca minima A. Rich.
Tripogon abyssinicus auct. non Nees ex Steud.
Tripogon calcicolus A. Camus
Tripogon mandarensis A. Camus
Tripogon umbertianus A. Camus
Common names:
Status: Native
Small, slender, caespitose perennial; culms up to 28 cm tall, erect, wiry; basal leaf sheaths persistent, finally becoming coarsely fibrous; leaf lamina 1–9 cm × 0.5 mm, filiform, tightly folded or rarely flat, blunt at the apex.Racemes 2–8 cm long, slender, erect, straight or nearly so.Spikelets (3)5–10-flowered, (2.6)3.2–8 mm long, narrowly elliptic-oblong, overlapping; glumes 1-nerved, the inferior 0.8–2(2.7) mm long, lanceolate, broadened or lobed below the middle on one side, acute to acuminate, the superior (1.5)2–3.2 mm long, narrowly oblong, acute to subobtuse; callus dorsally appressed-villous, densely barbate in front at the base of the rhachilla internode; lemmas (1)1.6–2.3 mm long, narrowly elliptic-oblong, dorsally rounded, emarginate or bluntly 2-toothed at the apex, mucronate or shortly awned from between the teeth, the lateral nerves not or only slightly excurrent; mucro 0.1–1.2 mm long; anthers 3, 0.2–0.5 mm long.Caryopsis 0.8–1.2 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, obtusely trigonous in section.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Rocky outcrops and hillsides; also on margins of rivers, dams and seasonal pans, in deciduous woodland and wooded or open grassland
Altitude range: 90 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Cape Verde Islands, Madagascar, tropical Africa, excluding the Congo River Basin, extending southwards to South Africa
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 29 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 147.

Other sources of information about Tripogon minimus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Tripogon minimus
Flora of Caprivi: Tripogon minimus
Flora of Mozambique: Tripogon minimus
Flora of Zambia: Tripogon minimus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tripogon minimus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tripogon minimus
African Plant Database: Tripogon minimus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tripogon minimus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tripogon minimus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tripogon minimus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tripogon minimus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tripogon minimus
JSTOR Plant Science: Tripogon minimus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tripogon minimus
Plants of the World Online: Tripogon minimus
Tropicos: Tripogon minimus
Wikipedia: Tripogon minimus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Tripogon minimus., retrieved 16 April 2024

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