Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin.

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Eragrostis viscosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Eragrostis viscosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Eragrostis viscosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam Rest Camp, Matobo National Park

Eragrostis viscosa

Photo: Anneline Hill
By road to Mana Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eragrostis strigosa Andersson
Eragrostis transvaalensis Gand.
Poa viscosa Retz.
Common names: Sticky love grass (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Loosely tufted annual grass with erect culms up to 40 cm high, hairless at the nodes, with sticky glandular patches below the nodes. Leaf sheaths with sticky glandular patches below the collar; ligule a line of hairs. Leaves linear, 4–10 cm long, flat or with rolled-in margins, hairless or scattered hairs, sometimes with a tuberculate base. Panicle ovate to narrowly oblong, 4–15 cm long, rather dense; pedicels 1.5–2 mm long, short and stiff. Spikelets ovate-oblong, 1.5–4.5 mm long, lightly laterally compressed, 5–15-flowered; glumes subequal, 0.6–1.2 mm long, lightly keeled, keel thickened by a linear sticky yellow gland; lemmas oblong-elliptic in profile, 0.7–1.4 mm long, lightly keeled, membranous with distinct lateral nerves.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: viscosa: viscid, sticky
Habitat: Usually in sandy places, in open woodland, grassland, granite sandveld and in disturbed habitats such as roadsides and areas of former cultivation.
Altitude range: 530 - 1580 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: In tropical Africa and South Africa, eastwards through Arabia and India to Thailand and the Philippines; also in tropical America.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 31 May 2015
Literature:

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 7.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 70 - 71.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 336.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 476. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 41.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 130.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 68 - 69. (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 138.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 189.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 142. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eragrostis viscosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eragrostis viscosa
Flora of Caprivi: Eragrostis viscosa
Flora of Mozambique: Eragrostis viscosa
Flora of Zambia: Eragrostis viscosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eragrostis viscosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis viscosa
African Plant Database: Eragrostis viscosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis viscosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis viscosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eragrostis viscosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eragrostis viscosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis viscosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eragrostis viscosa
iNaturalist: Eragrostis viscosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis viscosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis viscosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eragrostis viscosa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eragrostis viscosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis viscosa
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis viscosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Eragrostis viscosa
Tropicos: Eragrostis viscosa
Wikipedia: Eragrostis viscosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eragrostis viscosa.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105280, retrieved 18 November 2019

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