Acrachne racemosa (B. Heyne ex Roem. & Schult.) Ohwi

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Acrachne racemosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Acrachne racemosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

Acrachne racemosa

Photo: Petra Ballings
Shashe Wilderness Camp, Tuli

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Synonyms: Acrachne verticillata (Roxb.) Chiov.
Eleusine racemosa B. Heyne ex Roem. & Schult.
Eleusine vetricillata Roxb.
Common names:
Status: Native
Tufted annual grass with culms up to 75 cm high. Leaves 7–20 cm long, soft, tapering to a fine hair-like apex. Racemes up to 10 cm long, ascending, mainly grouped in whorls of 2–5, either clustered subdigitately towards the top of the culm or arranged along a central axis up to 15 cm long. Spikelets 5.5–13 mm long; inferior glume linear-oblong in profile, 1.2–2.9 mm long, superior glume lanceolate in profile, 1.5–3 mm long, with an apical awn 1/3–2/3 as long as the body; lemmas narrowly ovate in profile, 2.1–2.8 mm long, mid-nerve ending into a stout awn-like point up to 0.9 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: racemosa: in racemes or racemose, referring to the branches of the inflorescence with pedicellate spikelets forming racemes.
Habitat: On river banks and lake-shores, in clay and sandy alluvial soils, also as a weed of disturbed ground, cultivation, and irrigated crops.
Altitude range: Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Southern Africa, Arabia, Asia and Australia.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 1 August 2019

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 7.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 159 - 160. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 130.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 51.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 37. As Eleusine verticillata

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 126.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 129.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 267. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acrachne racemosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acrachne racemosa
Flora of Mozambique: Acrachne racemosa
Flora of Zambia: Acrachne racemosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acrachne racemosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acrachne racemosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acrachne racemosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acrachne racemosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acrachne racemosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acrachne racemosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acrachne racemosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Acrachne racemosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acrachne racemosa
Plants of the World Online: Acrachne racemosa
Tropicos: Acrachne racemosa
Wikipedia: Acrachne racemosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Acrachne racemosa., retrieved 15 July 2024

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