Sporobolus congoensis Franch.

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Synonyms: Sporobolus centrifugus sensu Jackson & Wiehe, non (Trin.) Nees.
Sporobolus eylesii Stent & J.M. Rattray
Sporobolus rhodesiensis sensu Sturgeon, sensu Chippindall, non Stent & Rattray.
Sporobolus schlechteri sensu Chippindall, non Schweick.
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial with short oblique rhizome; culms up to 100 cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths broadly expanded, flabellate, chartaceous and pallid or indurated, yellow and glossy, glabrous to densely pubescent, somewhat compressed, long-persistent and forming a swollen base to the culm; leaf laminas 6–22 cm × 3–10 mm, flat or folded, rarely loosely involute, glabrous to scaberulous or pilose on the surface, pectinate-ciliate on the margins with tubercle-based setae, acute at the apex.Panicle 10–20 cm long, pyramidal to ovate; branches in a succession of whorls, these progressively shorter upwards, glabrous, with inconspicuous long linear glands, the spikelets usually in pairs on the branchlets, these confined to the distal 1/2–2/3 of the primary branches.Spikelets 2.5–4.5 mm long, dark green; inferior glume 1/2–3/4(4/5) the length of the spikelet, rarely less but variable even in the same panicle, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, nerveless or occasionally 1-nerved, glabrous, acute to acuminate at the apex; superior glume as long as the spikelet, lanceolate-elliptic, 1-nerved, glabrous, acute at the apex; lemma almost as long as the spikelet, lanceolate-elliptic; anthers 3, 1.3–2.6 mm long.Grain 1.5–2(2.4) mm long, elliptic, lightly laterally compressed.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: High rainfall miombo, escarpment miombo and dambos; also in submontane and montane grasslands
Altitude range: 760 - 2290 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Congo (Brazzaville), Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 177 - 178.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 61. As Sporobolus eylesii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 110.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Other sources of information about Sporobolus congoensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Sporobolus congoensis
Flora of Zambia: Sporobolus congoensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sporobolus congoensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sporobolus congoensis
African Plant Database: Sporobolus congoensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sporobolus congoensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sporobolus congoensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sporobolus congoensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Sporobolus congoensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sporobolus congoensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Sporobolus congoensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sporobolus congoensis
Plants of the World Online: Sporobolus congoensis
Tropicos: Sporobolus congoensis
Wikipedia: Sporobolus congoensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Sporobolus congoensis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105430, retrieved 18 May 2024

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