Cynodon aethiopicus Clayton & Harlan

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Common names:
Status: Native
Coarse stoloniferous perennial without rhizomes; stolons stout; culms very robust, up to 130 cm tall, hard, shining and woody at the base, erect; leaf laminas 5–20 cm × 3–7 mm, flat.Racemes 6–17 in 2–5 (rarely 1) whorls, 6–11 cm long.Spikelets 2.4–2.8 mm long, strongly pigmented with red or purple; glumes narrowly lanceolate in profile, the superior c. 3/4 as long as the spikelet; lemma glabrous, thinly pubescent or occasionally pilose on the keel.
Derivation of specific name: aethiopicus: of Ethiopia, a historic name for large parts of Africa
Habitat: Occurs as a wild plant on moist soils of high rainfall areas, or as a semi-aquatic, but is widely planted on embankments etc. to control soil erosion. Several specimens seen from the central province of Zimbabwe were probably introduced there
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mainly in the Rift Valley, from Ethiopia southwards, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 235 - 237.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Other sources of information about Cynodon aethiopicus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cynodon aethiopicus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cynodon aethiopicus
Flora of Mozambique: Cynodon aethiopicus
Flora of Zambia: Cynodon aethiopicus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynodon aethiopicus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cynodon aethiopicus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynodon aethiopicus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynodon aethiopicus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynodon aethiopicus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynodon aethiopicus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cynodon aethiopicus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynodon aethiopicus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynodon aethiopicus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynodon aethiopicus
Plants of the World Online: Cynodon aethiopicus
Tropicos: Cynodon aethiopicus
Wikipedia: Cynodon aethiopicus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cynodon aethiopicus., retrieved 18 April 2024

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