Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst
var. robustus Clayton & Harlan

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Common names:
Status: Native
Stoloniferous perennial without rhizomes; stolons stout; culms robust to fairly slender, up to 60 cm tall, soft, not woody (but stolons woody); leaf laminas 4–11.5 cm × 2–6 mm, flat.Racemes 4–16 in 1 or sometimes 2 whorls, 4–20 cm long. Spikelets 2–2.6 mm long, green or pigmented with red or purple; glumes narrowly lanceolate in profile, the superior 1/2–3/4 as long as the spikelet; lemma silky-pubescent to softly ciliate on the keel.
subsp. robustus : Culms stout, 2–3 mm in diameter at the base; leaf laminas 5–6 mm wide, mostly thin and green; racemes 6–13, each 6–20 cm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Often in sandy soils in wet places
Altitude range: 900 - 1550 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Sudan, Ethiopia, and southwards through east tropical Africa to DRC, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, introduced in West Africa as a fodder grass
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 237 - 238.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Other sources of information about Cynodon nlemfuensis var. robustus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Cynodon nlemfuensis var. robustus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cynodon nlemfuensis var. robustus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cynodon nlemfuensis var. robustus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cynodon nlemfuensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cynodon nlemfuensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cynodon nlemfuensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cynodon nlemfuensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cynodon nlemfuensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cynodon nlemfuensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Cynodon nlemfuensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cynodon nlemfuensis
Plants of the World Online: Cynodon nlemfuensis
Tropicos: Cynodon nlemfuensis
Wikipedia: Cynodon nlemfuensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Cynodon nlemfuensis var. robustus., retrieved 21 April 2024

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