Panicum coloratum L.
var. coloratum

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Synonyms: Panicum coloratum L. var. makarikariense Gooss.
Panicum crassipes Mez
Panicum swynnertonii Rendle
Common names: Small buffalo grass (English) White buffalo grass (English)
Status: Native
Tufted perennial with erect or ascending culms 50–100 cm. high. Leaf laminae 7–20(30) cm. long and 3–10 mm. wide, linear, flat, acute or acuminate. Panicle 10–26(40) cm. long, ovate, moderately to much branched, contracted or spreading, the spikelets somewhat clustered or evenly dispersed. Spikelets 2–3 mm. long, ovate-elliptic or ovate; inferior glume 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, 1–3-nerved, broadly ovate, cuff-like; superior glume 7–9-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, male, its palea well developed; superior lemma and palea pallid, shiny.
Notes: The species is a liver toxin in horses (Karl van Laeren, pers. comm. 2019)
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Bushland and grassland
Altitude range: 50 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and subtropical Africa, introduced elsewhere
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 30 - 31. also as Panicum coloratum makarikariense

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Botswana Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 20. As var. makarikariense which is no longer considered valid.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 497. (Includes a picture).

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 28. as Panicum coloratum (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50. As Panicum coloratum

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 52. As Panicum swynnertonii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 158 - 159. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Other sources of information about Panicum coloratum var. coloratum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum coloratum
African Plant Database: Panicum coloratum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum coloratum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum coloratum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum coloratum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum coloratum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum coloratum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum coloratum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum coloratum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum coloratum
Tropicos: Panicum coloratum
Wikipedia: Panicum coloratum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Panicum coloratum var. coloratum., retrieved 15 July 2024

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