G.455. Panicum L.

Description of the genus

Annuals or perennials. Leaves: lamina variable, from linear to ovate. Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched, but occasionally ± contracted about the primary branches. Spikelets dorsally flattened, rarely slightly gibbous; lower glume usually shorter than (rarely equal to) the spikelet; upper glume as long as, the spikelet, often with a stipe-like internode between the glumes; lower floret male or barren; its lower lemma resembling the upper glume; upper lemma crustaceous; margin involute and clasping only the edges of the palea. A generally recognisable genus but the following could be confused with it: Brachiaria deflexa, Eriochloa meyeriana, Tricholaena monachne.

Worldwide: 500 species or more in tropical and warm temperate zones

Malawi: 45 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Achaea echo (Echo moth)
Borbo fatuellus (Long-horned swift)
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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
adenophorum K.Schum. N
aequinerve NeesS
brevifolium L.SDescription
carneovaginatum Renvoize N
chionachne Mez N,C,SDescription, Image
claytonii Renvoize N,S
coloratum L. var. coloratum SDescription
comorense Mez C,S
delicatulum Fig. & de Not.N,C,SDescription, Image
dregeanum NeesN,C,SDescription, Image
ecklonii NeesN,SDescription
eickii MezSDescription
fluviicola Steud.C,SDescription
glandulopaniculatum RenvoizeNDescription
gracilicaule RendleN,C,SDescription
graniflorum StapfN,CDescription
hanningtonii Stapf N
haplocaulos Pilg.N,CDescription
hymeniochilum NeesCDescription
inaequilatum Stapf & C.E. Hubb.N,SDescription
infestum Andersson ex PetersNDescription
laticomum NeesSDescription
lukwangulense Pilg. N
madipirense MezSDescription
massaiense Mez C
maximum Jacq.SDescription, Image
merkeri MezC,SDescription
miliaceum L.Description
monticola Hook. f.N,C,SDescription, Image
natalense Hochst.NDescription
nervatum (Franch.) StapfNDescription
novemnerve StapfSDescription
nymphoides Renvoize[End]S
pansum Rendle N
parvifolium Lam. N
pectinellum Stapf N
phragmitoides StapfN,C,SDescription
porphyrrhizos Steud.CDescription
pusillum Hook. f.N
repens L.C,SDescription
repentellum NapperN,SDescription
subalbidum KunthC,SDescription, Image
trichocladum Hack. ex K. Schum.N,SDescription
trichoides Sw.SDescription
wiehei RenvoizeN,C,SDescription

Other sources of information about Panicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: Panicum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Panicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum
Tropicos: Panicum
Wikipedia: Panicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Panicum.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=191, retrieved 17 April 2024

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