Panicum phragmitoides Stapf

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Synonyms: Panicum phragmitoides var. lasioneuron Stapf
Panicum trypheron var. giganteum Rendle
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust, tufted or shortly rhizoinatous perennial with erect culms 100–200 cm. high. Leaf laminae 50–75 cm. long and 5–15(20) mm. wide, linear, acuminate. Panicle (20)30–60 cm. long, ovate to oblong, moderately branched. Spikelets 3–4 mm. long, ovate; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, ovate, 5-nerved, straight or recurved acuminate; superior glume 7-nerved, acuminate; inferior lemma 7–9-nerved, its palea well developed, enclosing a male flower, superior lemma pale and glossy.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Wooded grassland on sandy or red soils
Altitude range: 450 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: from Tanzania westwards to Guinée and Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 24.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 52.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Other sources of information about Panicum phragmitoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum phragmitoides
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum phragmitoides
Flora of Zambia: Panicum phragmitoides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum phragmitoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum phragmitoides
African Plant Database: Panicum phragmitoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum phragmitoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum phragmitoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum phragmitoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum phragmitoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum phragmitoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum phragmitoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum phragmitoides
Plants of the World Online: Panicum phragmitoides
Tropicos: Panicum phragmitoides
Wikipedia: Panicum phragmitoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Panicum phragmitoides., retrieved 18 April 2024

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