Panicum monticola Hook. f.

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Panicum monticola

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Panicum monticola

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial grass with slender decumbent culms 30-100 cm. Leaf laminae 7–15 cm. long and 5–25 mm. wide, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, acuminate. Inflorescence a sparsely branched panicle, secondary branches often poorly developed, panicle 10–25 cm. long, ovate to oblong. Spikelets 2.2–3.5 mm. long, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, maroon to purple tinged; ; inferior glume 1/4–1/2(2/3) the length of the spikelet, 0–1-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, sterile, its palea absent or rudimentary; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
Derivation of specific name: monticola: mountain loving.
Habitat: Submontane forest
Altitude range: 600 - 2600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 357.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 39.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 52. As Panicum monticolum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 151.

Other sources of information about Panicum monticola:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum monticola
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum monticola
Flora of Zimbabwe: Panicum monticola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum monticola
African Plant Database: Panicum monticola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum monticola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum monticola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum monticola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum monticola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum monticola
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum monticola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum monticola
Plants of the World Online: Panicum monticola
Tropicos: Panicum monticola
Wikipedia: Panicum monticola

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Panicum monticola., retrieved 24 February 2024

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