Dipcadi longifolium (Lindl.) Baker

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Dipcadi longifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Dipcadi longifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Dipcadi longifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

Dipcadi longifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old Runde bridge, Mwenezi

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dipcadi anthericoides Engl. & Gilg
Dipcadi firmifolium Baker
Dipcadi sansibaricum Engl.
Dipcadi venenatum Schinz
Dipcadi zambesiacum Baker
Ornithogalum longifolium (Lindl.) J.C. Manning & Goldblatt
Uropetalum longifolium Lindl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Herb 12–80 cm high, completely hairless, growing from a small ovoid bulb ovoid, 1–3 cm wide, occasionally producing bulbils. Leaves 4–11, linear to linear-lanceolate, up to 50 cm long and 9 mm wide. Peduncle terete, often curved above. Inflorescence laxly flowered and subsecund, overtopping the leaves. Pedicels lengthening in fruit, up to 14 mm long. Flowers green, brownish, yellowish or whitish-green; outer and inner segments equal, linear, c.13 mm long, outer ones recurved from below middle, inner ones broader, slightly spreading. Anthers c.5 mm long; style about as long as ovary. Capsule 3-angled, 5–13 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: longifolium: with long leaves.
Habitat: In seasonally waterlogged places and sometimes as weed of wetland agricultural areas, also on sodic soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 61. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 126.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 97. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 91.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 29. As Dipcadi sp (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 122.

Stedje, B. (1996). Hyacinthaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 5.

Other sources of information about Dipcadi longifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dipcadi longifolium
Flora of Caprivi: Dipcadi longifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Dipcadi longifolium
Flora of Zambia: Dipcadi longifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dipcadi longifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dipcadi longifolium
African Plant Database: Dipcadi longifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dipcadi longifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dipcadi longifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dipcadi longifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dipcadi longifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dipcadi longifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dipcadi longifolium
iNaturalist: Dipcadi longifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dipcadi longifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Dipcadi longifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dipcadi longifolium
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dipcadi longifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dipcadi longifolium
Plants of the World Online: Dipcadi longifolium
Tropicos: Dipcadi longifolium
Wikipedia: Dipcadi longifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Dipcadi longifolium.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=114340, retrieved 30 June 2022

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