Gladiolus melleri Baker

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Gladiolus melleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Gladiolus melleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Gladiolus melleri

Photo: Bill Clarke
Below B dam spillway, Val D'Or

Gladiolus melleri

Photo: Cathy Sharp
Besna Kobila, Matobo.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gladiolus brachyandrus Baker
Gladiolus brevispathus (Pax) Klatt
Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel var. melleri (Baker) Cordova
Gladiolus johnstonii Baker
Gladiolus natalensis Reinw. ex Hook. var. melleri (Baker) Geerinck
Gladiolus welwitschii Baker subsp. brevispathus Pax
Common names: Tropical pink gladiolus (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing annual stems from corms. Some leaves are borne on the flowering stem, usually partly or entirely sheathing and difficult to distinguish from the main stem; foliage leaves normally appear after flowering on separate shoots. Flowering stimulated by fire, the combination of deep salmon-pink flowers and purple stems making a striking contrast with the burnt soil.
Derivation of specific name: melleri: Named after Charles Meller,naturalist and physician on David Livingstone's Zambezi expedition.
Habitat: In seasonally wet ground, often after fires.
Altitude range: 700 - 1520 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Southern tropical Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 212 - 213. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 310. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 97 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 242 - 246. (Includes a picture).

Linley, K. & Baker, B. (1972). Flowers of the Veld Bundu Series Longman Zimbabwe Page 28. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 16. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 116.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 20, plate 38

Other sources of information about Gladiolus melleri:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus melleri
Flora of Zambia: Gladiolus melleri
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gladiolus melleri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus melleri
African Plant Database: Gladiolus melleri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus melleri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus melleri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus melleri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gladiolus melleri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus melleri
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus melleri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus melleri
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus melleri
Tropicos: Gladiolus melleri
Wikipedia: Gladiolus melleri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Gladiolus melleri., retrieved 8 December 2023

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