1311.000 Gladiolus L. - Gladioluses


Goldblatt, P. (1996) Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Inflorescence a spike with secund flowers. Flowers zygomorphic; tepals united into a perianth tube. Style branches expanded above (i.e. broader towards apex) and sometimes 2-lobed at the apex. Fruit a capsule, slightly inflated. Seeds broadly winged.

Derivation of name: 'Little sword' (Latin) referring to the flattened sword-shaped leaves

Worldwide: c. 250 species in Europe, Mediterranean area, tropical African mountains, South Africa and Madagascar

Malawi: 20 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
atropurpureus BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
bellus C.H. Wright[End]SDescription, Image
crassifolius BakerSDescription, Image
curtifolius MaraisN
dalenii Van Geel subsp. andongensis (Baker) GoldblattN
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii N,C,SDescription, Image
decoratus BakerSDescription, Image
erectiflorus BakerN,CDescription, Image
gracillimus Baker NDescription, Image
gregarius Welw. ex BakerN,CDescription, Image
intonsus Goldblatt N
laxiflorus Baker NDescription, Image
melleri BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
muenzneri Vaupel NDescription, Image
murielae KelwayC,SDescription, Image
nyasicus GoldblattC
oligophlebius Baker N,C
unguiculatus BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
velutinus De Wild. NDescription, Image
zambesiacus BakerS

Other sources of information about Gladiolus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Gladiolus
Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus
Flora of Zambia: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gladiolus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gladiolus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus
Tropicos: Gladiolus
Wikipedia: Gladiolus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Gladiolus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=389, retrieved 18 June 2024

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