1311.000 Gladiolus L. - Gladioluses


Goldblatt, P. (1996) Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon.

Description of the genus

Perennial herbs, dying back each year, with corms. Inflorescence a spike with secund flowers. Flowers zygomorphic; tepals united into a perianth tube. Style branches expanded above (i.e. broader towards apex) and sometimes 2-lobed at the apex. Fruit a capsule, slightly inflated. Seeds broadly winged.

Derivation of name: 'Little sword' (Latin) referring to the flattened sword-shaped leaves

Worldwide: c. 250 species in Europe, Mediterranean area, tropical African mountains, South Africa and Madagascar

Malawi: 20 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
atropurpureus BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
bellus C.H. Wright[End]S
crassifolius BakerSDescription, Image
curtifolius MaraisN
dalenii Van Geel subsp. andongensis (Baker) GoldblattN
dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii N,C,SDescription, Image
decoratus BakerSDescription, Image
erectiflorus BakerN,CDescription, Image
gracillimus Baker N
gregarius Welw. ex BakerN,CImage
intonsus Goldblatt N
laxiflorus Baker N
melleri BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
muenzneri Vaupel N
murielae KelwayC,SDescription, Image
nyasicus GoldblattC
oligophlebius Baker N,C
unguiculatus BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
velutinus De Wild. N
zambesiacus BakerS

Other sources of information about Gladiolus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gladiolus
Flora of Caprivi: Gladiolus
Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus
Flora of Zambia: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gladiolus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Gladiolus

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Gladiolus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Gladiolus.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=389, retrieved 23 March 2019

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