Habenaria amoena Summerh.

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Habenaria amoena

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Habenaria amoena

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Habenaria amoena

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

Habenaria amoena

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haslemere Lane, Umwinsidale

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 55 cm. Leaves along the stem narrowly oblanceolate, the lowest leaves normally about 8 cm above ground, the largest leaves in the middle. Inflorescence laxly many-flowered. Flowers yellow-green. Dorsal sepal forming a hood over the column. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobes adnate with the dorsal sepal; lower lobes longer, linear, spreading and curving upwards. Lip 3-lobed; outer lobes similar in shape and size to lower petal lobes; mid-lobe slightly broader, often curving backwards. Spur 17-22 mm, slender, parallel to the ovary.
Notes: This species is very similar to Habenaria malacophylla, which differs in having broader leaves with the lowest leaves higher up the stem; flowers being more green and white; a shorter spur, which is inflated in the middle; and its occurrence in deeply shaded forest habitats.
Derivation of specific name: amoena: beautiful, showy, pleasing
Habitat: On rocky hillsides in Brachystegia woodland, where it may may form small colonies.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution:
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 82.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 61. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 136 - 137.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1956). African orchids XXIII Kew Bulletin 11(2) Pages 218 - 219. Protologue

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 45 - 46. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria amoena:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria amoena
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria amoena

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria amoena
African Plant Database: Habenaria amoena
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria amoena
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria amoena
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria amoena
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria amoena
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria amoena
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria amoena
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria amoena
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria amoena
Tropicos: Habenaria amoena
Wikipedia: Habenaria amoena

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria amoena.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116620, retrieved 13 April 2024

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