FZ.15. Habenaria Willd.

Description of the genus

Terrestrial herbs. Leaves basal or cauline or appressed to the ground in a few spp. Inflorescence a terminal spike, Flowers usually inconspicuous, green, white or yellow. Sepals free, the dorsal sepal sometimes forming a hood with the petals. Petals entire or 2-lobed; lip usually 3-lobed, spurred, with the spur often swollen or flattened. Stigmatic arms often elongated. With Eulophia, this is one of the largest orchid genera in both Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Worldwide: c.600 species in the tropics and subtropics

Malawi: 80 taxa.

Habenaria clavata

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
aberrans Schltr.N,CDescription, Image
adolphii Schltr. N
amoena Summerh.SDescription, Image
anaphysema Rchb. f.NDescription
arianae GeerinckN
armatissima Rchb. f.N,SDescription, Image
cirrhata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.N,SDescription, Image
clavata (Lindl.) Rchb. f.NDescription, Image
cornuta Lindl.N,SDescription, Image
debeerstiana Kraenzl.N,C,SDescription, Image
diselloides Schltr.N
disparilis Summerh.N,C,SDescription, Image
elliotii Rolfe ex Kraenzl.C,S
filicornis Lindl.N,C,SDescription, Image
galactantha Kraenzl.N,C,SDescription, Image
goetzeana Kraenzl.N,CDescription, Image
gonatosiphon Summerh.N,CDescription, Image
harmsiana Schltr.N,C,SDescription, Image
hirsutitrunci G. Will.N
hologlossa Summerh.NDescription, Image
holubii RolfeC,SDescription, Image
humilior Rchb. f.C,SDescription, Image
ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl.N,C
insolita Summerh.N,C
kilimanjari Rchb.f. NDescription, Image
kyimbilae Schltr.NDescription, Image
laurentii De Wild.N,S
leucoceras Schltr. N,S
leucotricha Schltr. var. leucotricha NDescription, Image
lindblomii Schltr.N,CDescription, Image
lithophila Schltr.N
livingstoniana la Croix & P.J.Cribb[End]N
macrandra Lindl.SDescription, Image
macrostele Summerh.C,SDescription, Image
macrura Kraenzl.N,SDescription, Image
magnirostris Summerh.NDescription, Image
malacophylla Rchb. f.N,SDescription, Image
mechowii Rchb.f. N,C,S
myodes Summerh. subsp. myodes N,S
ndiana RendleS
njamnjamica Kraenzl.N,SDescription, Image
nyikana Rchb. f. subsp. nyikana N,SDescription, Image
nyikensis G. Will.[End]NDescription
odorata Schltr. N
papyracea Schltr.N,C,SDescription, Image
perpulchra Kraenzl. NDescription, Image
petitiana (A. Rich.) T. Durand & SchinzN,S
petraea Renz & Grosvenor [NrEnd]NDescription, Image
pilosa Schltr.SDescription, Image
praestans Rendle var. praestans N,C,SDescription, Image
praestans Rendle var. umbrosa G.Will. N,C
pubidens P.J.Cribb [NrEnd]NDescription, Image
pubipetala Summerh.N,S
rautaneniana Kraenzl.N,SDescription, Image
retinervis Summerh.N,CDescription, Image
rhopalostigma Kraenzl. NDescription, Image
riparia Renz & Grosvenor[End]N
schimperiana A. Rich.N,C,SDescription, Image
silvatica Schltr.
sochensis Rchb. f.N,SDescription, Image
splendens Rendle N,SDescription, Image
stenorhynchos Schltr.NDescription, Image
strangulans Summerh.C
stylites Rchb. f. & S. Moore subsp. rhodesiaca Summerh.SDescription, Image
subarmata Rchb. f.N,CDescription, Image
supplicans Summerh. NDescription, Image
tentaculigera Rchb. f.N,C,SDescription, Image
tenuispica Rendle N
trachypetala Kraenzl.N,C,S
trilobulata Schltr.NDescription, Image
uhehensis Schltr.N,C,SDescription, Image
uncicalcar Summerh.N,C,SDescription, Image
unifoliata Summerh. N
verdickii (De Wild.) Schltr.N,C,SDescription, Image
villosa RolfeSDescription, Image
walleri Rchb.f. N,C,SDescription, Image
weberiana Schltr.N,CImage
welwitschii Rchb. f.N,S
xanthochlora Schltr. [NrEnd]NDescription, Image
zambesina Rchb.f.N,C,SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Habenaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria
Flora of Caprivi: Habenaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Habenaria
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria
Tropicos: Habenaria
Wikipedia: Habenaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Habenaria.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=415, retrieved 18 April 2024

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