Habenaria praestans Rendle
var. praestans

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Habenaria praestans var. praestans

Photo: Michello Rowe
Chelinda area, Nyika National Park

Habenaria praestans var. praestans

Photo: Michello Rowe
Chelinda area, Nyika National Park

Habenaria praestans var. praestans

Photo: Michello Rowe
Chelinda area, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria ctenophora Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust terrestrial, up to 1m. Leaves along the stem, lower leaves sheathing, upper leaves spreading. Inflorescence up to 25 cm, densely many-flowered. Flowers green, white in the centre, strongly and sweetly scented. Dorsal sepal, concave. Lateral sepals green, spreading broadly lanceolate. Petals white, entire, curved, parallel with the dorsal sepal. Lip three-lobed; mid-lobe linear; side lobes elaborately fringed into comb-like segments on the outer margins. Spur up to 22mm, swollen near the tip.
Notes: A spectacular species with large flowers.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In montane and submontane grassland, Brachystegia woodland and edges of forest.
Altitude range: 1000 - 2400 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 22 February 2020

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 218 - 219. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 65.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83. As Habenaria praestans

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 75.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 43 - 44. As Habenaria praestans (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria praestans var. praestans:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria praestans var. praestans
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria praestans var. praestans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria praestans
African Plant Database: Habenaria praestans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria praestans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria praestans
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria praestans
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria praestans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria praestans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria praestans
iNaturalist: Habenaria praestans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria praestans
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria praestans
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria praestans
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria praestans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria praestans
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria praestans
Tropicos: Habenaria praestans
Wikipedia: Habenaria praestans

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria praestans var. praestans.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116990, retrieved 26 March 2023

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