Habenaria nyikana Rchb. f.
subsp. nyikana

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Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex rd near Vumba turn off, Vumba.

Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex rd near Vumba turn off, Vumba.

Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex rd near Vumba turn off, Vumba.

Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Essex rd near Vumba turn off, Vumba.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Robust terrestrial herb, up to 1 m. Leaves born along the stem, linear-lanceolate with 3 distinct longitudinal veins. Inflorescence many-flowered. Bracts leaf-like as long as or longer than the pedicel and ovary, at least at the base of the inflorescence. Flowers green, white in the centre. Sepals reflexed, ovate with a small pointed lobe on on side. Petals 2-lobed; upper lobes erect, linear; lower lobes pendent, lanceolate, at least twice as long as upper lobes. Lip 3-lobed, linear, mid lobe slightly longer than side lobes. Spur 15-30 mm, slender, inflated at the apex, often twisted in the middle.
Derivation of specific name: nyikana: named after Nyika Island, a small island in the Zambesi Delta in Mozambique, where the type was collected. (Note: not the Nyika Plateau in Malawi).
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mar
Worldwide distribution:
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30. As Habenaria nyikana

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19. As Habenaria nyikana

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 102. as Habenaria nyikana

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 76. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 137.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1962). African orchids XXVIII Kew Bulletin 16(2) Pages 289 - 291.

Other sources of information about Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria nyikana
African Plant Database: Habenaria nyikana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria nyikana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria nyikana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria nyikana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria nyikana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria nyikana
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria nyikana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria nyikana
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria nyikana
Tropicos: Habenaria nyikana
Wikipedia: Habenaria nyikana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116950, retrieved 19 April 2024

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