Habenaria perpulchra Kraenzl.

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Habenaria perpulchra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mwana-Mwata area, Kasama Distr., Northern Province

Habenaria perpulchra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mwana-Mwata area, Kasama Distr., Northern Province

Habenaria perpulchra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mwana-Mwata area, Kasama Distr., Northern Province

Habenaria perpulchra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mwana-Mwata area, Kasama Distr., Northern Province

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria platymera Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb up to 35 cm tall growing from ovoid or ellipsoid tubers; stem erect with 1 basal leaf and 2-7 loosely sheathing stem leaves; basal leaf appressed to ground, c. 4.5 cm long and broad, ovate , orbicular or reniform with cordate base, fleshy; stem leaves 2-3 cm long; inflorescence 1-5 flowered; flowers erect, white; ovary and pedicel 2.5-4 cm long, ovary with 6 toothed wings; sepals all with 1-3 keels on outer surface; dorsal sepal erect, elliptic, convex, 11-16 x 6 mm; lateral sepals deflexed, 17-20 x 6-8 mm, obliquely lanceolate; petals 2-lobed almost to base, upper lobed erect, 12.5-14 x 2-3 mm, lower lobes oblanceolate from a narrow base, 14-20 x 3.5-5 mm; lip projecting forwards, 3-lobed to c. 2 mm from base, all lobes oblanceolate from a narrow base, mid-lobe 15-21 x 4.5-9 mm, side lobes 15-21 x 5-7.5 mm long, somewhat incurved; spur pendent, 24-30 mm long, very swollen in apical third.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: perpulchra: per: throughout/all over and pulchra: beautiful
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC and Zambia east to Malawi and Tanzania
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 148.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1957). African orchids XXIV Kew Bulletin 12(1) Pages 109 - 110.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 63.

Other sources of information about Habenaria perpulchra:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria perpulchra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria perpulchra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria perpulchra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria perpulchra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria perpulchra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria perpulchra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria perpulchra
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria perpulchra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria perpulchra
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria perpulchra
Tropicos: Habenaria perpulchra
Wikipedia: Habenaria perpulchra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria perpulchra.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209070, retrieved 18 May 2024

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