Habenaria splendens Rendle

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Habenaria splendens

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr., Muchinga Province

Habenaria splendens

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mutinondo Wilderness, Lavushi Manda Distr., Muchinga Province

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 35–70 cm tall growing from an ovoid or ellipsoid tuber. Leaves 6–12, the 2 lowermost sheathing, the mid-leaves largest and up to 20 x 6 cm, ovate, acute, loosely funnel-shaped at base, dark green with 3 prominent longitudinal veins. Inflorescence 10–22 x 7–9 cm, fairly laxly 4–20-flowered; bracts up to 6 cm long. Sepals green, petals and lip white. Ovary and pedicel erect or slightly arched, 25–35 mm long. Dorsal sepal 23–30 x 12–13 mm, ovate, erect; lateral sepals 22–31 x 8–10 mm, obliquely ovate, spreading. Petals 20–30 x 4–8 mm, sickle-shaped, entire, attached to dorsal sepal. Lip 25–40 mm long, 3-lobed with a basal claw 7–13 mm long, the claw and base of lobes densely pubescent; mid-lobe 15–23 x 1 mm, linear; side lobes 18–24 mm long, fimbriate towards the apex with 8–12 branches c. 7 mm long; spur 25–50 mm long, sigmoid, slightly swollen at apex, pendent.
Derivation of specific name: splendens: splendid
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi and Zambia
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 328.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 76 - 77. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 59. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 140 - 141. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 43 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria splendens:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria splendens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria splendens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria splendens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria splendens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria splendens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria splendens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria splendens
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria splendens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria splendens
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria splendens
Tropicos: Habenaria splendens
Wikipedia: Habenaria splendens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria splendens.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209120, retrieved 26 September 2023

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