Habenaria macrandra Lindl.

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Habenaria macrandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slopes below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Habenaria macrandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slopes below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Habenaria macrandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forested slopes below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria stenorhynchus Kraenzl.
Podandria macrandra (Lindl.) Rolfe
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 25 - 55 cm. Leaves mostly near the base of the stem, lanceolate to ovate, 7-13 cm long, excluding a distinct petiole of 2.5-5.5 cm. Inflorescence lax up to c. 11-flowered. Flowers white, turning green towards the apices of the tepals. Dorsal sepal erect, up to 20mm long, forming a long narrow hood over the column; lateral sepals spreading or deflexed, up to 22 mm long. Petals entire, erect, linear to filiform. Lip 3-lobed nearly to the base; all lobes filiform, mid-lobe c. 30 mm long, side lobes longer, up to 50mm long. Spur 6-7.5 cm long, green, slender but slightly swollen towards the tip.
Derivation of specific name: macrandra: large-flowered
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: West Africa, DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 64.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 73 - 74. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 58.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390.

Other sources of information about Habenaria macrandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria macrandra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria macrandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria macrandra
African Plant Database: Habenaria macrandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria macrandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria macrandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria macrandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria macrandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria macrandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria macrandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria macrandra
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria macrandra
Tropicos: Habenaria macrandra
Wikipedia: Habenaria macrandra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria macrandra.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116870, retrieved 22 February 2024

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