Habenaria supplicans Summerh.

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Habenaria supplicans

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kalonde Falls, Chipili area, Kawambwa Distr., Luapula Prov.

Habenaria supplicans

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kalonde Falls, Chipili area, Kawambwa Distr., Luapula Prov.

Habenaria supplicans

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kalonde Falls, Chipili area, Kawambwa Distr., Luapula Prov.

Habenaria supplicans

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Kalonde Falls, Chipili area, Kawambwa Distr., Luapula Prov.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Slender terrestrial herb 30–55 cm tall; tuber c. 20 × 15 mm, ellipsoid, villous; leaves 7–10, fairly evenly spaced up stem, the lowermost 1–3 sheath-like, the rest spreading, the largest in the middle, 4–7.5 × 1–1.7 cm, lanceolate, acute; inflorescence 12–19 × 2.5–3 cm, laxly 14–20-flowered, the rhachis slightly zigzag; bracts 12–17 mm long, equalling or shorter than the flower; flowers green; ovary and pedicel 11–14 mm long, the ovary arched; dorsal sepal 4–4.5 × 3–3.6 mm, ovate, erect, convex; lateral sepals 4.5–6 × 1.8–2.5 mm, deflexed; Petals 2-lobed ± to base; posterior lobe 3.5–4 mm long, c. 1 mm wide, rather fleshy, lying beside dorsal sepal; anterior lobe 4–4.7 × 0.6–0.7 mm, spreading and curving up; lip 3-lobed ± to base, all lobes linear; mid-lobe 4.5–6 × 1 mm, deflexed; side lobes 4–6.5 × 0.5 mm, spreading and curving up; spur 10–13 mm long, slightly incurved, slightly thickened for most of its length but tapering to apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: supplicans: bowing down, presumably referring to the arching ovary causing the flowers to face downwards
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Malawi and Zambia.
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 84 - 85.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 122.

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Loranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 170 - 172. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 50 - 51.

Other sources of information about Habenaria supplicans:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Habenaria supplicans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria supplicans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria supplicans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria supplicans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria supplicans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Habenaria supplicans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria supplicans
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria supplicans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria supplicans
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria supplicans
Tropicos: Habenaria supplicans
Wikipedia: Habenaria supplicans


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria supplicans.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=209140, retrieved 18 July 2024

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