Habenaria filicornis Lindl.

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Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between Chelinda Bridge and Dam 3, Nyika National Park

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between Chelinda Bridge and Dam 3, Nyika National Park

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between Chelinda Bridge and Dam 3, Nyika National Park

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road between Chelinda Bridge and Dam 3, Nyika National Park

Habenaria filicornis

Photo: Gary Brown
Viphya Forest Reserve, Mzimba

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Synonyms: Habenaria chlorotica Rchb. f.
Habenaria filicornis Lindl. var. chlorotica (Rchb. f.) Geerinck
Habenaria natalensis Rchb. f. & Warm.
Habenaria wilmsiana Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Very slender terrestrial herb, 20 to 65 cm. Leaves scattered along the stem. Inflorescence up to 20 cm, few to many-flowered. Flowers green. Dorsal sepal erect, hooding the anthers, lateral sepals deflexed. Petals entire, pressed against the dorsal sepal. Lip three-lobed to the base, all lobes linear, the mid-lobe slightly longer and broader the the side lobes. Spur 2 to 3.5 cm long, straight or slightly curved.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland, both in drier parts of bog and on shallow gravely soil.
Altitude range: 1150 - 2300 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa and South Africa.
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 11 August 2019

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review Pages 180 - 181. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 19.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 100 - 101. as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 63.

Geerinck, D. (1982). Notes taxonomiques sur les Orchidacées d'Afrique centrale Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 52(1/2) Page 144.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 83.

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Pages 343 - 344. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 66 - 67. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 52 - 54. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17. as Habenaria chlorotica

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 114. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 96.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 121.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 516 - 517. as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 128.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 131 - 132. as Habenaria chlorotica

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African orchids XXI Kew Bulletin 8(1) Pages 129 - 130.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1968). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 54 - 56. also as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 39 - 40. also as Habenaria chlorotica (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Habenaria filicornis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Mozambique: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria filicornis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria filicornis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria filicornis
African Plant Database: Habenaria filicornis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria filicornis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria filicornis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria filicornis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria filicornis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria filicornis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria filicornis
iNaturalist: Habenaria filicornis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria filicornis
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria filicornis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria filicornis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria filicornis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria filicornis
Plants of the World Online: Habenaria filicornis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria filicornis
Tropicos: Habenaria filicornis
Wikipedia: Habenaria filicornis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Habenaria filicornis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116760, retrieved 19 October 2019

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