Disa fragrans Schltr.
subsp. fragrans

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Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Zohwe below summit, Vumba

Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Zohwe below summit, Vumba

Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Zohwe below summit, Vumba

Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans

Photo: Bart Wursten
Saddle between Mt Pheza and Point 70, overlooking the upper Bundi valley, Chimanimani Mts National Park

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Synonyms: Disa leucostachys Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb. Leaves on a separate sterile shoot and along the flowering stem. Sterile leaves often edged or spotted with puple. Inflorescence densely many-flowered. Flowers strongly scented, white, pale lilac or rarely crimson, sometimes mottled darker. Dorsal sepal forming a narrow hood with a spur 7-10 mm pointing downwards always reaching below the base of the flower. Petals erect inside the hood. Lateral sepals oblong spreding or curving forward. Lip up to 6 mm narrowly spathulate.
Derivation of specific name: fragrans: fragrant, referring to the particularly strong scent of the flowers
Altitude range:
Flowering time:(Mar)Apr - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Malawi distribution: S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 56.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80. As Disa fragrans

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 163 - 164.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 111 - 112. (Includes a picture).

Linder, H.P. (1981). Taxonomic studies in the Disinae (Orchidaceae): IV A revision of Disa Berg. sect. Micranthae Lindl. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 51(3/4) Pages 286 - 290. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 204 - 205. (Includes a picture).

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390. as Disa leucostachys

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Pages 134 - 135.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans
Flora of Zimbabwe: Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa fragrans
African Plant Database: Disa fragrans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa fragrans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa fragrans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa fragrans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa fragrans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa fragrans
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa fragrans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa fragrans
Plants of the World Online: Disa fragrans
Tropicos: Disa fragrans
Wikipedia: Disa fragrans

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Disa fragrans subsp. fragrans.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117330, retrieved 29 May 2024

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