Disa baurii Bolus

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Disa baurii

Photo: Rob Jarvis
Mt Mulanje.

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Synonyms: Disa hamatopetala Rendle
Herschelia bachmanniana Kraenzl.
Herschelia baurii (Bolus) Kraenzl.
Herschelia hamatopetala (Rendle) Kraenzl.
Herschelianthe bachmanniana (Kraenzl.) Rauschert
Herschelianthe baurii (Bolus) Rauschert
Herschelianthe hamatopetala (Rendle) Rauschert
Common names: Blue disa (English)
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 20-40 cm tall. Leaves basal from the flowering shoot, usually produced after flowering 5-10, narrowly linear, stiff and grass-like, up to 30 × 2 cm. leaves along the flowering stem few, 1.5-2.5 cm long completely sheathing. Inflorescence lax, 2-14-flowered, bracts, ovate, dry, rarely as long as the flowers. Flowers sky blue to purple-blue, often with a darker lip. Dorsal sepal broadly ovate, 10-20 mm long with an upcurved spur, 4-6 mm long. Lateral sepals deflexed, oblong, 10-18 mm long. Petals 2-lobed at the apex, lying inside the dorsal sepal. Lip 10-25 mm long, pointing forward, more or less broadly ovate, conspicuously fimbriate.
Derivation of specific name: baurii: named after L.R. Baur (1825 - 1889), German apothecary from the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Habitat: In montane grassland.
Altitude range: Above 1000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct (rarely also Apr - Jun)
Worldwide distribution: DRC, southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 15 September 2019

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 226 - 227. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 318.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 66. as Herschelianthe baurii

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80. as Disa hamatopetala

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 195 - 196. as Herschelianthe baurii (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 126 - 127. as Herschelianthe baurii (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 176 - 177. (Includes a picture).

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 49 - 50. as Disa hamatopetala (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1976). A Provisional Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique South African Journal of Botany 42(4) Page 390. as Disa hamatopetala

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 134.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 89 - 90. as Disa hamatopetala (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Disa baurii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Disa baurii
Flora of Mozambique: Disa baurii
Flora of Zambia: Disa baurii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Disa baurii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa baurii
African Plant Database: Disa baurii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa baurii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa baurii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa baurii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa baurii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa baurii
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa baurii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa baurii
Plants of the World Online: Disa baurii
Tropicos: Disa baurii
Wikipedia: Disa baurii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Disa baurii.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117530, retrieved 22 April 2024

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