Bulbophyllum elliotii Rolfe

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Bulbophyllum elliotii

Photo: Gary Brown
Along road to Luwawa Forest Lodge near main road junction, Mzimba District

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Synonyms: Bulbophyllum malawiense Morris
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Small epiphytic herb, forming small colonies of closely spaced pseudobulbs. Pseudobulbs near spherical, often slightly broader than high, 10 - 25 mm in diameter. Leaves 2, fleshy, spreading, elliptic, up to 4 cm. Pseudobulbs and leaves are often coloured deep purple, particularly in more exposed situations. Inflorescence pendulous, borne from the base of the pseudobulb. Flowers fleshy, arranged along a swollen rhachis, small, straw-coloured, with maroon spots.
Derivation of specific name: elliottii: after George Francis Scott-Elliot (1862-1934), Scottish botanist who collected in South Africa.
Habitat: In high rainfall Brachystegia woodland and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 600 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Mainly Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 August 2015

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 90 - 91. as Bulbophyllum malawiense (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 317. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 79. as Bulbophyllum malawiense

Johnson, S., Bytebier, B, & Stärker H. (2015). Orchids of South Africa, a Field Guide Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 49.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 305.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 52. as Bulbophyllum malawiense (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 197 - 198. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 16. As Bulbophyllum malawiense

Linder, H.P. & Kurzweil, H. (1999). Orchids of Southern Africa A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, the Netherlands ISBN 90-5410-445-7 Page 417. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 94.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 418 - 419. (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 45 - 47. As Bulbophyllum malawiense

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 118.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 132.

Vermeulen, J.J. (1987). A Taxonomic Revision of the Continental African Bulbophyllinae Orchid Monographs Volume 2 E.J. Brill, Leiden-New York-Kopnhavn-Koln Pages 135 - 137. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 136 - 137. As Bulbophyllum malawiense (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Bulbophyllum elliotii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Flora of Zambia: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bulbophyllum elliotii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bulbophyllum elliotii
African Plant Database: Bulbophyllum elliotii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bulbophyllum elliotii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bulbophyllum elliotii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bulbophyllum elliotii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Bulbophyllum elliotii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bulbophyllum elliotii
JSTOR Plant Science: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Plants of the World Online: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Tropicos: Bulbophyllum elliotii
Wikipedia: Bulbophyllum elliotii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Bulbophyllum elliotii.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118160, retrieved 8 December 2023

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