Polystachya malilaensis Schltr.

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Synonyms: Polystachya zambesiaca Rolfe var. malilaensis (Schltr.) Geerinck
Common names:
Status: Native
Small epiphytic herb, occasionally lithophytic. Pseudobulbs ovate to conical, 10-20 mm tall, green or reddish, 2-3-leaved. Leaves 4-12 cm long, lanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate, often purple-tinged and with a purple line around the margin. Inflorescence up to 15 cm long, fairly densely up to c. 20-flowered. Flowers yellowish to yellowish-brown, purple-tinged, becoming deep orange-brown with age; lip white with purple spots, strongly recurved, fleshy, 3-lobed.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 333.

Cribb, P.J. (1984). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 398.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 27.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 50.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 353.

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 98 - 99. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 230 - 231. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 97.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 61 - 63. (Includes a picture).

Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2011). A Monograph of the Subtribe Polystachyinae Schltr. (Orchidaceae) University of Gdansk, Poland, ISBN 978 83 7531 174 4 Pages 256 - 257. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 123.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 123 - 124. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Polystachya malilaensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Polystachya malilaensis
Flora of Zambia: Polystachya malilaensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polystachya malilaensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polystachya malilaensis
African Plant Database: Polystachya malilaensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polystachya malilaensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polystachya malilaensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polystachya malilaensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Polystachya malilaensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polystachya malilaensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Polystachya malilaensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polystachya malilaensis
Plants of the World Online: Polystachya malilaensis
Tropicos: Polystachya malilaensis
Wikipedia: Polystachya malilaensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Polystachya malilaensis.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=118380, retrieved 14 April 2024

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