Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr.

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Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands, Vumba

Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Tridactyle bicaudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tridactyle latifolia sensu Ball non Summerh.
Common names:
Status: Native
Robust epiphyte or lithophyte. Stems erect or pendent, up to 80 cm, normally unbranched. Leaves 2-lobed at the apex, variable in size and texture, depending on the habitat and exposure, usually thinly textured and flat in forest specimens, thickly leathery and folded along the length in woodland specimens. Inflorescences several to many, arising along the stem, each with up to 25 flowers. Flowers in two rows, all facing the same direction, buff-coloured, turning orange with age. Lip 3-lobed with the side lobes longer than mid-lobe and distinctly fimbriate at the apices.
Derivation of specific name: bicaudata: with two tail-like appendages possibly in reference to the side lobes of the lip.
Habitat: In forest and woodland areas.
Altitude range: 900 - 1850 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 222 - 225. Also as Tridactyle latifolia (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56. As Tridactyle bicaudata bicaudata

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168. See note

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86. Also as Tridactyle latifolia

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 451 - 452. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Page 135. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 289. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 124.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 82 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 203 - 204. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Tridactyle bicaudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Mozambique: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Zambia: Tridactyle bicaudata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tridactyle bicaudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle bicaudata
African Plant Database: Tridactyle bicaudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle bicaudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle bicaudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle bicaudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tridactyle bicaudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle bicaudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle bicaudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle bicaudata
Plants of the World Online: Tridactyle bicaudata
Tropicos: Tridactyle bicaudata
Wikipedia: Tridactyle bicaudata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Tridactyle bicaudata., retrieved 17 April 2024

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