Tridactyle tridactylites (Rolfe) Schltr.

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Tridactyle tridactylites

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamhingura Bridge, EH Tea Estates, Honde Valley

Tridactyle tridactylites

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamhingura Bridge, EH Tea Estates, Honde Valley

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tridactyle ledermanniana (Kraenzl.) Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Epiphytic or lithophytic herbs, sometimes growing in abundance, covering entire rocks or trees. Stems long and straggling, up to 1.5 m. Leaves borne on the apical part of the stem, linear, unequally lobed at the apex, up to 18 cm. Inflorescences mostly along the older parts of the stem, stiffly pointing downwards, c.10-flowered. Flowers straw-coloured. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes filiform mostly entire.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen and riverine forest at lower altitudes
Altitude range: 450 - 1600 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Malawi distribution: N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 226 - 227. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86.

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 449 - 451. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 141 - 142. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 293. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Morris, B. (1967). The epiphytic orchids of Soche Mountain. Historic and Scientific Society of Malawi Journal 20(2) Page 36.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 119 - 120.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 125.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 203. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Tridactyle tridactylites:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tridactyle tridactylites
Flora of Mozambique: Tridactyle tridactylites
Flora of Zambia: Tridactyle tridactylites
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tridactyle tridactylites

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle tridactylites
African Plant Database: Tridactyle tridactylites
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle tridactylites
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle tridactylites
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle tridactylites
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tridactyle tridactylites
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle tridactylites
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle tridactylites
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle tridactylites
Plants of the World Online: Tridactyle tridactylites
Tropicos: Tridactyle tridactylites
Wikipedia: Tridactyle tridactylites

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Tridactyle tridactylites., retrieved 30 May 2024

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