Tridactyle tridentata (Harv.) Schltr.

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Tridactyle tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, carpark

Tridactyle tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, carpark

Tridactyle tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Tridactyle tridentata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tridactyle bolusii (Rolfe) Schltr.
Tridactyle teretifolia Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or sometimes pendent epiphyte. Stems sometimes branching. Leaves borne on the apical half of the stem, terete, sometimes with a groove on the upper surface. Flowers in short inflorescences along the stem, axillary or on the old leaf nodes, pale green, turning apricot with age. Petals narrower than sepals; lip widening near the 3-lobed apex. Spur 6-18 mm, straight, slightly inflated in the apical half. The flowers are scented at night.
Derivation of specific name: tridentata: with three teeth, referring to the three short lobes of the lip
Habitat: In drier Brachystegia woodland and other mixed deciduous woodland.
Altitude range: 640 - 1900 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: DRC, East Africa and southwards to South Africa
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ball, J.S. (1978). Southern African Epiphytic Orchids. Conservation Press, Johannesburg. Pages 232 - 233. as Tridactyle teretifolia (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 336. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 86. Also as Tridactyle teretifolia

Kimberley, M.J. (2003). A List of Epiphytic Orchids of Zimbabwe Excelsa 20 Page 52.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 449. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1983). Malawi Orchids Volume 1 Epiphytic Orchids National Fauna Preservation Society of Malawi Pages 139 - 140. as Tridactyle teretifolia (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 293. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17. as Tridactyle teretifolia

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 98.

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 115 - 117. as Tridactyle teretifolia

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 125.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 86. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 202 - 205. Also as T. teretifolia (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1982). Notes on Orchids from South Central Africa Journal of South African Botany 48(1) Pages 12 - 15. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Tridactyle tridentata:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Tridactyle tridentata
Flora of Zambia: Tridactyle tridentata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tridactyle tridentata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tridactyle tridentata
African Plant Database: Tridactyle tridentata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tridactyle tridentata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tridactyle tridentata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tridactyle tridentata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tridactyle tridentata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tridactyle tridentata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tridactyle tridentata
iNaturalist: Tridactyle tridentata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tridactyle tridentata
JSTOR Plant Science: Tridactyle tridentata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tridactyle tridentata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Tridactyle tridentata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tridactyle tridentata
Plants of the World Online: Tridactyle tridentata
Tropicos: Tridactyle tridentata
Wikipedia: Tridactyle tridentata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Tridactyle tridentata., retrieved 30 March 2023

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