Eulophia callichroma Rchb. f.

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Synonyms: Acrolophia paniculata P.J. Cribb
Acrolophia sp. (Robinson 915) of Williamson, Orch. S. Centr. Africa: 147 (1977).
Acrolophia sp. no. 1 sensu Grosvenor (1976) (Drummond 4927)
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 50 cm tall. Pseudobulbs mostly above ground, forming a chain, heavily wrinkled. Leaves about 7-11, forming a fan, the lower leaves sheathing the stem, absent at the time of flowering. Inflorescence arising from the upper nodes of the pseudobulb, branched laxly, many-flowered. Flowers yellowish to brownish with a white lip, not opening wide. Lip entire, oblanceolate, greenish-white with brown veining, 5-7 ridges on the apical part. Spur 4-5 mm, cylindric.
Notes: An early flowering species, usually after fire.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mixed deciduous woodland and associated grassland, often among rocks.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution: C,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cribb, P.J. (1977). New orchids from South Central Africa Kew Bulletin 32(1) Pages 172 - 175. as Acrolophia paniculata (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 58.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 78. As Acrolophia sp. no. 1

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 469 - 470. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 330. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 168 - 169. Also Acrolophia sp. (Robinson 915) p. 147-148 (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia callichroma:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia callichroma
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia callichroma
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia callichroma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia callichroma
African Plant Database: Eulophia callichroma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia callichroma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia callichroma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia callichroma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia callichroma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia callichroma
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia callichroma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia callichroma
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia callichroma
Tropicos: Eulophia callichroma
Wikipedia: Eulophia callichroma

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia callichroma., retrieved 30 September 2023

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