Eulophia gonychila Schltr.

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Eulophia gonychila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Brachystegia woodland in rocky outcrops (Lusaka District)

Eulophia gonychila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Open Brachystegia woodland in rocky outcrops (Lusaka District)

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Synonyms: Lissochilus brunneus Kraenzl.
Lissochilus gonychilus (Schltr.) Schltr.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb 15-40 cm tall; pseudobulbs partly above ground, 2-3 x 2-3.5 cm, conical to almost globose; leaves 3-4, 1-3 x 0.8-2 cm, ovate to oblong-elliptic, obtuse, plicate, absent at flowering time; inflorescence fairly densely up to 30 flowered with 2-3 loose tubular sheaths towards base and 1-2 linear-lanceolate bracts further up; ovary and pedicel 10-14 mm long; flowers pink to pinkish-brown; sepals 11-15 x 4-8 mm, oblanceolate, margins undulate, dorsal sepal erect, lateral sepals recurved; petals 9-11 x 9-11 mm, broadly ovate to orbicular, veined with red on inner surface; lip c. 15 mm long, obscurely 3-lobed with a lacerate membrane in the throat and 1-3 fleshy rugolose ridges in front, mid-lobe 8-9 x 6-7 mm, triangular; spur obscurely conical; column 3-5 mm long, lacking a foot.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Miombo and mixed deciduous woodland or recently burnt grassland.
Altitude range: 900 - 1770 m
Flowering time:Oct – Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola through DRC to Burundi and Tanzania south though Zambia and Malawi to Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 58.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 482.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 342. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 175 - 176. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia gonychila:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Eulophia gonychila
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia gonychila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia gonychila
African Plant Database: Eulophia gonychila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia gonychila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia gonychila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia gonychila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia gonychila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia gonychila
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia gonychila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia gonychila
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia gonychila
Tropicos: Eulophia gonychila
Wikipedia: Eulophia gonychila

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia gonychila., retrieved 28 February 2024

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