Eulophia livingstoniana (Rchb. f.) Summerh.

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Eulophia livingstoniana

Photo: Penny English
Between Thazima offices and Park gate, Nyika National Park.

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Synonyms: Eulophia livingstoneana (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Lissochilus livingstoneanus Rchb. f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, mostly up to 70 cm. Leaves only just starting to develop at flowering time. Inflorescence laxly up to 12-flowered. Petals and sepals varying from very pale pink to deep purple-pink. Petals erect; sepals reflexed. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes spreading, greenish-brown with darker veins; mid-lobe deep purple-pink, white towards the throat, reflexed on the sides. Column purple, up to 10 mm long, very conspicuous. Spur 6 mm, conical, obtuse, more or less covered by the reflexed sepals. The flowers may vary considerably in colour and size but the distinct shape makes them easily recognisable.
Derivation of specific name: livingstoniana: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873).
Habitat: In a variety of woodland and grassland habitats, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range: Up to 2200 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution:
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 21 November 2020

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 236 - 237. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26. As Eulophia livingstoneana

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 71.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 498 - 500. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 335. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I.F. & La Croix T.M. (1983). Orchids of Bvumbwe The Society of Malawi Journal 36(2) Page 17.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 43 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 127.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 120. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1953). African orchids XXI Kew Bulletin 8(1) Pages 149 - 151.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 173 - 174. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia livingstoniana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eulophia livingstoniana
Flora of Caprivi: Eulophia livingstoniana
Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia livingstoniana
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia livingstoniana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia livingstoniana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia livingstoniana
African Plant Database: Eulophia livingstoniana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia livingstoniana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia livingstoniana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia livingstoniana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia livingstoniana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia livingstoniana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia livingstoniana
iNaturalist: Eulophia livingstoniana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia livingstoniana
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia livingstoniana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia livingstoniana
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia livingstoniana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia livingstoniana
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia livingstoniana
Tropicos: Eulophia livingstoniana
Wikipedia: Eulophia livingstoniana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia livingstoniana., retrieved 3 December 2021

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