Eulophia mumbwaensis Summerh.

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Eulophia mumbwaensis

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

Eulophia mumbwaensis

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

Eulophia mumbwaensis

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Mumbuluma area, Mporokoso Distr., Northern Province

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Synonyms: Eulophia seleensis var. kisanfuensis (De Wild.) Geerinck
Common names:
Terrestrial herb 25-80 cm tall growing from a chain of conical subterranean pseudobulbs, c. 2-4 × 1-1.5 cm; leaves 4-8, up to 9 × 3 cm, grass-like, linear, usually absent or just starting to develop at flowering time; inflorescence laxly 5-9 flowered; scape with 1-2 sheaths; flowers spreading to semi-pendent, sepals purple-brown, petals cream to yellow with brownish veins, lip yellow with purple veining on side lobes; bracts 5-9 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate; ovary and pedicel 7-14 mm long, purplish; sepals all similar, spreading, linear, 15-18 × 1-2.5, acuminate; petals 8-10 × 2-3 mm, oblong to lanceolate-oblong, lying over column; lip 10-14 × 6-8 mm, 3-lobed; mid-lobe 5-8 × 3-4 mm with callus of 3 fleshy basal ridges and long papillae, side lobes erect, rounded or subacute in front; spur 3-5 mm long, conical to cylindrical, sometimes slightly swollen at apex, bent down about half way.
Derivation of specific name: mumbwaensis: of Mumbwa in Zambia where the type specimen was collected
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola east through DRC and Zambia to Tanzania south to Malawi and Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 529.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 329. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 164 - 165. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia mumbwaensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Eulophia mumbwaensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia mumbwaensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia mumbwaensis
African Plant Database: Eulophia mumbwaensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia mumbwaensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia mumbwaensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia mumbwaensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia mumbwaensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia mumbwaensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia mumbwaensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia mumbwaensis
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia mumbwaensis
Tropicos: Eulophia mumbwaensis
Wikipedia: Eulophia mumbwaensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia mumbwaensis., retrieved 13 April 2024

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