Eulophia orthoplectra (Rchb. f.) Summerh.

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Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

Eulophia orthoplectra

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lusaka East Forestry Reserve, Lusaka Distr., Lusaka Province

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia bella N.E. Br.
Lissochilus bellus (N.E. Br.) Schltr.
Lissochilus kraenzlinii Rolfe
Lissochilus milanjianus Rendle
Lissochilus monticola Rendle
Lissochilus orthoplectrus Rchb.f.
Lissochilus saccatus Rendle
Lissochlus pulcher Schltr.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Terrestrial herb 26-100 cm tall growing from irregular asymmetrical tubers, c. 3-6 x 2-5 cm; leaves 2-4, 18 -50 x 0.7-2 cm, linear, fleshy, leaves absent at flowering time; inflorescence laxly few to many flowered; scape purplish with several sheaths; sepals purple-brown, petals yellow flushed with red-brown and heavily veined with red on the inside, lip yellow with side lobes veined red on inside, spur red-brown; bracts 8-13 mm long, linear, acuminate; ovary and pedicel 10-20 mm long, purple; sepals all similar, oblanceolate, apiculate 8-13.5 x 4-6 mm; petals 13-19 x 12-19 mm, suborbicular to elliptic-ovate, apiculate, held horizontal; lip 16-26 mm long and hard to flatten, 3-lobed; mid-lobe 8.5-12.5 x 7-9 mm, with a callus of 5 ridges, convex, elliptic-obovate obtuse or apiculate; side lobes erect, joined to base of column; spur 6-9 mm long (13-16 mm long to apex of ovary), conical-cylindrical from a wide mouth, horizontal or slightly deflexed.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria east to Kenya south to Zimbabwe.
Malawi distribution:
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 477.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 339. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 41 - 42. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 122. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 136.

Summerhayes, V.S. (1958). African orchids XXV Kew Bulletin 13(1) Pages 76 - 77.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 176. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia orthoplectra:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Eulophia orthoplectra
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia orthoplectra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia orthoplectra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia orthoplectra
African Plant Database: Eulophia orthoplectra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia orthoplectra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia orthoplectra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Eulophia orthoplectra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Eulophia orthoplectra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia orthoplectra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Eulophia orthoplectra
iNaturalist: Eulophia orthoplectra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia orthoplectra
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia orthoplectra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Eulophia orthoplectra
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Eulophia orthoplectra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia orthoplectra
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia orthoplectra
Tropicos: Eulophia orthoplectra
Wikipedia: Eulophia orthoplectra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Eulophia orthoplectra.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119440, retrieved 27 October 2020

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