Crotalaria cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich.

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Crotalaria cephalotes

Photo: Mark Hyde
Gold Dust township, Mazvikadei Dam

Crotalaria cephalotes

Photo: David Hartung
Near to Umwinsi River

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Synonyms: Crotalaria cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich. var. moeroensis Baker f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect annual up to c. 80 cm tall with numerous ascending branches from the base, covered in long spreading hairs. Leaves mostly 3-foliate, spreading, mainly crowded just below inflorescence. Leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 15-50 mm long, densely hairy on both surfaces; petioles 5-25 mm long, narrowly winged; stipules absent. Flowers in dense subsessile heads or short racemes. Calyx densely hairy. Corolla pale yellow; standard marked red at the base inside and veined reddish and pubescent on the outside. Pods sessile, 4-6 mm long, almost round to egg-shaped, densely hairy.
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Malawi distribution: N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 66.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 217.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7) Pages 190 - 191. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 58.

Polhill, R.M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. Pages 311 - 312. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Crotalaria cephalotes:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria cephalotes
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria cephalotes
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria cephalotes
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria cephalotes

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria cephalotes
African Plant Database: Crotalaria cephalotes
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria cephalotes
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria cephalotes
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria cephalotes
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria cephalotes
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria cephalotes
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria cephalotes
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria cephalotes
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria cephalotes
Tropicos: Crotalaria cephalotes
Wikipedia: Crotalaria cephalotes

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Species information: Crotalaria cephalotes., retrieved 16 April 2024

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