3669.000 Crotalaria L.

Martins, E.S. et al. (2003) Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(7)

Description of the genus

Herbs, shrubs or rarely small trees (capensis and pallidicaulis). Stipules filiform to leaf-like, or 0. Leaves simple, 1-foliolate or digitately 3(-7)-foliolate, usually petiolate. Flowers usually yellow, variously marked, less often white or blue, usually in terminal leaf-opposed or less commonly axillary racemes or heads; bract and paired bracteoles usually present. Calyx usually with 5 subequal lobes. Standard usually with 2 appendages at the base inside; keel rounded to angled, generally with a well-developed beak. Stamens joined in a sheath; anthers arranged alternately with 5 long, basifixed and 5, smaller, dorsifixed. Style curved or geniculate, usually with 1-2 lines of hairs in the upper part, the basal portion thicker than the upper. Legume usually inflated, 1-many seeded.

Worldwide: 600 species throughout the tropics (and subtropics), most numerous in eastern and southern tropical Africa

Malawi: 89 taxa.

The larvae of the following species of insect eat species of this genus:
Alytarchia amanda (Cheetah)
Azygophleps scalaris (Sesbania stem borer)
Coeliades pisistratus (Two-pip policeman)
Crotalaria argyrolobioides

Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsContent
abbreviata Baker f.N
aculeata De Wild. subsp. aculeata NDescription, Image
adamsonii Baker f.N,S
alexandri Baker f.N,C,SDescription, Image
annua Milne-Redh. N
anthyllopsis Welw. ex BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
argyrolobioides BakerN,SDescription, Image
axillaris AitonS
barkae Schweinf. subsp. barkae N,S
barnabassii Dinter ex Baker f.S
becquetii R.Wilczek subsp. turgida Polhill N,SDescription, Image
bequaertii Baker f.N,C
calycina SchrankC,S
capensis Jacq.S
caudata Welw. ex BakerN,CDescription, Image
cephalotes Steud. ex A.Rich.N,C,SDescription, Image
chirindae Baker f.N,C,S
cleomifolia Welw. ex BakerN,C,SDescription, Image
comosa BakerCDescription, Image
congesta PolhillN
cylindrostachys Welw. ex BakerNDescription, Image
dedzana PolhillN,C
deserticola Taub. ex Baker f.N,C
distans Benth. subsp. macaulayae (Baker f.) PolhillS
filicaulis Welw. ex Baker var. filicaulis N,CDescription, Image
gazensis Baker f. subsp. gazensis SDescription, Image
glauca Willd.N,C,SDescription, Image
glaucifolia BakerN
goetzei HarmsN,SDescription, Image
goreensis Guill. & Perr.NDescription, Image
grandistipulata HarmsN,C
hyssopifolia KlotzschN,S
incana L. subsp. purpurascens (Lam.) Milne-Redh.N,C,SDescription, Image
johnstonii BakerN
juncea L.SDescription, Image
kipandensis Baker f.N,C,SDescription, Image
kirkii BakerN
laburnifolia L. subsp. laburnifolia C,SDescription, Image
laburnoides KlotzschS
lachnocarpoides Engl.N,SDescription, Image
lachnophora A. Rich.N,C,SDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. exigua Polhill[NrEnd]S
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. lanceolata SDescription, Image
lanceolata E. Mey. subsp. prognatha PolhillC,S
microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth.NDescription, Image
morumbensis Baker f. C,S
natalitia Meisn. var. natalitia N,C,SDescription, Image
natalitia Meisn. var. rutshuruensis De Wild.NDescription, Image
nigricans Baker var. nigricans N,CDescription, Image
nyikensis Baker N,C
ochroleuca G. DonN,C,SDescription, Image
onobrychis A. Rich.S
oocarpa BakerN
orthoclada Welw. ex Baker N
pallida Aiton var. pallida C,SDescription, Image
pallida Aiton var. obovata (G. Don) PolhillN,S
parvula Welw. ex Baker N,C
phyllostachys BakerN
pilosiflora Baker[End]NDescription
pisicarpa Welw. ex BakerN,C
podocarpa DC.N,C,SDescription, Image
polysperma KotschyS
prolongata Baker N,C
pseudotenuirama Torre N,C
pudica PolhillN,C
recta Steud. ex A. Rich.N,C,SDescription, Image
reptans Taub.N,S
rhodesiae Baker f.CDescription, Image
ringoetii Baker f.N,SDescription, Image
rogersii Baker f.N,C,SDescription, Image
senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC.N,C,SDescription, Image
shirensis (Baker f.) Milne-Redh.N,SDescription, Image
sparsifolia BakerN,C,S
spartea BakerC,S
sphaerocarpa Perr. ex DC. subsp. sphaerocarpa SDescription, Image
steudneri Schweinf.N,C,SDescription, Image
stolzii (Baker f.) Milne-Redh. ex PolhillN,C
subcaespitosa Polhill N,C,S
subcapitata De Wild. var. subcapitata N,C,S
subcapitata De Wild. var. fwamboensis (Baker f.) Polhill N
subspicata PolhillS
tabularis Baker f.N
teretifolia Milne-Redh.N
valida BakerN,CDescription, Image
variegata Welw. ex BakerN,CDescription, Image
vasculosa Wall. ex Benth.N,C,S
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. forbesii (Baker) PolhillN,C,SDescription, Image
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. pauciflora (Baker) Polhill N,C
virgulata Klotzsch subsp. virgulata SDescription

Other sources of information about Crotalaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crotalaria
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: Crotalaria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: Crotalaria
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Crotalaria
Flora of Zambia: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crotalaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Crotalaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crotalaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crotalaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crotalaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crotalaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crotalaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crotalaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Crotalaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crotalaria
Plants of the World Online: Crotalaria
Tropicos: Crotalaria
Wikipedia: Crotalaria

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2014-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Malawi: Genus page: Crotalaria.
https://www.malawiflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=714, retrieved 15 July 2024

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